Simon and Ralph represent goodness and reason, and both encounter the Lord of the Flies. The Lord of the Flies is the head of a pig which is sacrificially given to the beast in order to preserve the boys' safety. Simon is the first to talk with the Lord of the Flies, and when he does, he learns that the beast (evil) is not in an animal out in the woods, but in the boys themselves. "Fancy you thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill. You knew didn't you? I'm part of you," (Golding 143) says the Lord of the Flies to Simon. The Lord of Flies says that the beast is not a physical manifestation that is in the form of an animal that can be hunted and killed, but resides inside the souls of the boys on the island. The Lord of the Flies even says that the Beast is part of Simon, the symbol of goodness, suggesting that all human beings are born with both some evil and goodness. Later on while Ralph is fleeing from Jack and his tribe, he stumbles upon the Lord of the Flies. "Little prickles of sensation ran up and down his back. The teeth grinned, the empty sockets seemed to hold his gaze masterfully and without effort" (Golding 185). Soon after, Ralph hits the pig's head and smashes it into pieces. By destroying the Lord of the Flies, Ralph denies his internal evil and primitive instincts. The difference between Ralph's and Simon's encounter with the Lord of the Flies is that Simon accepts The Lord of the Flies and listens intently to what it is saying to him. However, Ralph destroys it and then walks away from it. Both Ralph's and Simon's experience with the Lord of the Flies states that "all men are capable of evil, and evil is inherent in all human beings, without exception." (Ridley 107)
The one truly complicating element in the novel is the character of Simon. Whereas Piggy represents the scientific, intellectual, and rational aspects of civilization, Simon seems to represent a kind of innate, spiritual human goodness, deeply connected with nature and in its way as primal as Jack and Roger's primal evil. The other characters in the novel abandon moral behavior as soon as civilization no longer imposes it upon them: they are not innately moral; they have simply been conditioned to act morally by the adult world, and by the threat of punishment. This is true even of Ralph and Piggy to an extent; in the psychology of the novel, the civilizing impulse is not as deeply rooted in the human psyche as the savage impulse. But Simon continues to act morally on the island; he behaves kindly to the younger children, and he is the first to realize the problem posed by the beast and the Lord of the Flies--that there is no external monster, but that rather a monster lurks within each human being. This idea finds representation in the sow's head, and eventually stands as the moral conclusion of the novel. The main problem of the book is the idea of human evil; against this, Simon seems to represent an idea of essential human goodness--yet his brutal murder by the other boys near the end of the book indicates the scarcity of that goodness amid an overwhelming abundance of evil.
Essay on Lord of the Flies Piggy Analysis - 588 Words
Many critics have characterized asa retelling of episodes from the Bible. While that description maybe an oversimplification, the novel does echo certain Christianimages and themes. Golding does not make any explicit or directconnections to Christian symbolism in ;instead, these biblical parallels function as a kind of subtle motifin the novel, adding thematic resonance to the main ideas of thestory. The island itself, particularly Simon’s glade in the forest,recalls the Garden of Eden in its status as an originally pristineplace that is corrupted by the introduction of evil. Similarly,we may see the Lord of the Flies as a representation of the devil,for it works to promote evil among humankind. Furthermore, manycritics have drawn strong parallels between Simon and Jesus. Amongthe boys, Simon is the one who arrives at the moral truth of thenovel, and the other boys kill him sacrificially as a consequenceof having discovered this truth. Simon’s conversation with the Lordof the Flies also parallels the confrontation between Jesus andthe devil during Jesus’ forty days in the wilderness, as told inthe Christian Gospels.